"I Don't Mind A Parasite. I Object To A Cut-Rate One."
Okay, PN - you asked for it:
A Narrative History Of The Republican Party:
To stop the Democrats’ pro-slavery agenda, anti-slavery activists founded the Republican Party, starting with a few dozen men and women in Ripon, Wisconsin on March 20, 1854. The party spread across the northern and western United States like a prairie fire of freedom. The first Republican state convention was held in Jackson, Michigan in July 1854. The Republican National Committee met for the first time in 1856, followed four months later by the first Republican National Convention.
In the election of 1860, Republicans swept to victory in the White House and won majorities in both houses of Congress. Just six years after the party’s founding, the Governor of every northern state in America was a Republican. That phenomenal progress was possible only because the Republican Party was based on the powerful idea that our nation, conceived in liberty and dedicated to equality, must live up to its founding principles.
Despite fierce Democrat opposition, Republicans passed constitutional amendments banning slavery, extending the Bill of Rights to the states, guaranteeing equal protection of the laws and due process to all citizens, and extending the right to vote to persons of all races and backgrounds.
Republicans in Congress also enacted the nation’s first-ever Civil Rights Act, which extended citizenship and equal rights to people of all races, all colors, and all creeds. In 1875, the Republicans expanded these protections to give all citizens the right of equal access to all public accommodations. Struck down by the Supreme Court eight years later, this landmark legislation would be reborn as the 1964 Civil Rights Act.
Republicans led the fight for women’s rights, and most suffragists were Republicans. In fact, Susan B. Anthony bragged about how, after voting (illegally) in 1872, she had voted a straight Republican ticket. The suffragists included two African-American women who were also co-founders of the NAACP: Ida Wells and Mary Terrell, great Republicans, both of them.
Republican Senator Aaron Sargent wrote the women’s suffrage amendment in 1878, though it would not be passed by Congress until Republicans again won control of both houses 40 years later. It was in 1916 that the first woman was elected to the U.S. House of Representatives, Republican Jeannette Rankin. The first woman mayor was elected in 1926, the Honorable Bertha Landes of Seattle, another great Republican.
Democratic opposition to Republican efforts to protect the civil rights of all Americans lasted not only throughout Reconstruction, but well into the 20th century. In the South, those Democrats who most bitterly opposed equality for blacks founded the Ku Klux Klan, which operated as the party’s terrorist wing.
Every single African-American in Congress until 1935 was a Republican. Among the Republican pioneers were South Carolina’s Joseph Rainey, the first black member of the House of Representatives, in 1870. Republican Hiram Revels of Mississippi became the first black U. S. Senator the same year. Two years later, Pinckney Pinchback of Louisiana became the nation’s first black Governor.
California was the first state to have a Hispanic governor, Republican Romualdo Pacheco, in 1875. The first Hispanic U. S. Senator, Octaviano Larrazolo, came to Washington from New Mexico as a Republican in 1928. The first Jewish U.S. Senator outside the former Confederacy was a Republican from Oregon, Joseph Simon, and the first Jewish woman to serve in the U.S. House of Representatives was a California Republican, Florence Kahn.
In 2004, America marked the 50th anniversary of the modern civil rights movement, which began with the Brown v. Board of Education Supreme Court decision. That landmark decision was written by Chief Justice Earl Warren, the three-term Republican Governor of California appointed by Republican President Dwight Eisenhower. The author of Brown was also the 1948 Republican vice presidential nominee.
Three years after Brown, President Eisenhower won passage of his landmark Civil Rights Act of 1957. Republican Senator Everett Dirksen authored and introduced the 1960 Civil Rights Act, and saw it through to passage. Republicans supported the 1964 Civil Rights Act and the 1965 Voting Rights Act overwhelmingly, and by much higher percentages in both House and Senate than the Democrats. Indeed, the 1964 Civil Rights Act became law only after overcoming a Democrat filibuster.
The first Asian-American U.S. Senator was a Republican, Hiram Fong from Hawaii. The first African-American Senator after Reconstruction was a Republican, Ed Brooke from Massachusetts. The first Asian-American federal judge was a Republican, Herbert Choy. The first woman on the Supreme Court was a Republican, Sandra Day O’Connor. The first Hispanic presidential Cabinet member was a Republican, Lauro Cavazos, Secretary of Education under Ronald Reagan.
The longest-serving African-American in a leadership position of the U.S. House of Representatives was a Republican, J.C. Watts. The first women elected to the majority Leadership in both the House and the Senate were Republicans, Jennifer Dunn and Kay Bailey Hutchison.
SIGNIFICANT REPUBLICAN EVENTS IN U.S. HISTORY:
March 20, 1854 - First Republican Party meeting in Ripon, Wisconsin.
January 1, 1863 – Republican President Abraham Lincoln issues the Emancipation Proclamation.
January 31, 1865 - Republican-controlled 38th Congress passes the 13th Amendment abolishing slavery.
June 13, 1866 - With unanimous Republican support and against intense Democrat opposition, Congress passes the 14th Amendment, which granted citizenship and equal civil and legal rights to African Americans and slaves who had been emancipated after the American Civil War.
February 23, 1870 - Republican Hiram Revels of Mississippi becomes the first black U. S. Senator.
December 12, 1870 - The first black member of the House of Representatives, South Carolina Republican Joseph Rainey, is seated.
March 1, 1872 - Republican-controlled 42nd Congress establishes Yellowstone as the first national park.
December 9, 1872 - First African-American governor, Pinckney Pinchback (R-LA), inaugurated.
1904 - Under the leadership of Republican President Theodore Roosevelt, America takes control of the Panama Canal and builds it into one of the most crucial locations in world shipping.
March 4, 1917 - First woman in Congress, Rep. Jeannette Rankin (R-MT), sworn in.
June 4, 1919 - Republican-controlled 66th Congress passes the 19th Amendment guaranteeing women the right to vote.
June 2, 1924 - Republican-controlled 68th Congress and President Calvin Coolidge grant citizenship to Native Americans with the Indian Citizenship Act.
December 7, 1928 - First Hispanic U.S. Senator, Senator Octaviano Larrazolo (R-NM), sworn in.
1936 - Republican Jessie Owens humiliates Hitler by winning 4 gold medals in the Berlin Olympics. FDR responds to Owens legendary victory by refusing to invite him to the White House, prompting Owens to say, "Hitler didn't snub me – it was FDR who snubbed me. The president didn't even send me a telegram." Truman also ignored Owens, but when Republican Dwight Eisenhower became President, he appointed Owens "Ambassador of Sports."
1940 – The Republican Party calls for the end of racial segregation in the military. The 1940 RNC presidential platform contained the following plank: “Discrimination in the civil service, the army, navy, and all other branches of the Government must cease.”
1947 - Republican Jackie Robinson breaks the color barrier in Major League Baseball when the owner of the Brooklyn Dodgers, Republican Branch Rickey, brings him up to the major leagues.
January 3, 1949 - Margaret Chase Smith (R-ME) becomes the first woman to serve in both the Senate and the House of Representatives.
1952 – Eisenhower appoints Elbert Tuttle to the US Court of Appeals in 1954, and he orders — in 1962 — the integration of The University of Mississippi under the Brown v. Board of Ed ruling.
May 17, 1954 - Brown v Board of Education strikes down racial segregation in public schools; majority decision written by Chief Justice Earl Warren, former Republican governor (CA) and vice presidential nominee.
1954 -1956 – A Republican administration establishes the Federal Highway System in 1954; Eisenhower spearheads and signs the Federal-Aid Highway Act in 1956.
1957 – Republicans End Racial Segregation in Little Rock, AR. Facing down the Southern Democrats, Eisenhower refuses to tolerate defiance of the federal judiciary (and the opposition of many Democrats including Senators John F. Kennedy and Lyndon B. Johnson) in ending racial segregation.
September 9, 1957 - President Dwight Eisenhower signs the 1957 Civil Rights Act.
August 21, 1959 – The first Asian-American U.S. Senator, Hiram Fong (R-HI), is seated.
June 10, 1964 – The U.S. Senate passes the 1964 Civil Rights Act when the Republican leader, Everett Dirksen (R-IL), defeats a Democrat filibuster.
1972 – Nixon goes to China. Nixon shows the foresight to end more than two decades of hostility with the most populous nation on earth, helping isolate the USSR.
1981 - Republican Ronald Reagan revitalizes the listless U.S. economy with tax cuts that create a massive surge of jobs, economic growth, and prosperity.
September 25, 1981 - Sandra Day O’Connor, appointed by President Reagan, becomes first woman on the U.S. Supreme Court.
June 12, 1987 - President Ronald Reagan calls for liberation of Eastern Europeans from Communism with his “Tear Down This Wall” speech.
1991 - Reagan's tireless work against the Soviet Union finally pays off as it formally dissolves in 1991, while his former Vice-President, George H.W. Bush is in office.
1991 - George H.W. Bush forms world-wide coalition of forces that expels Saddam Hussein from Kuwait.
1994 – The Contract with America. Republican congressional candidates pledge to reform taxes, welfare, and Congressional exemptions to U.S. law. Republicans gain a majority in the House of Representatives for the first time since the 1950s.
1996 - Welfare reform. After Clinton vetoes two previous versions of welfare reform, Republicans send it back to him a third time and he finally – and reluctantly - agrees to fulfill his campaign promise and signs the bill.
1998-2001 - A Republican Congress balances the budget. Republicans in Congress force an unenthusiastic Bill Clinton to balance the budget in his second term.
2001 - Retaliation in Afghanistan and Iraq. After the 9/11 attacks, Republican George W. Bush as Commander-in-Chief retaliates and drives the Taliban and their allies in Al-Qaeda from power in these two countries. He then helps establish democracy in the region. NOTE: Since 2008, al Qaeda has been permitted to regenerate its ranks and its leadership to where – in the present day – they were recently described in the “mainstream media” as STRONGER THAN EVER.
2005 - George W. Bush selects Condoleezza Rice to be his Secretary of State. She was the first black woman ever to hold that position.
2001-2008 - President George W. Bush makes an unprecedented commitment to helping those in need beyond our shores through the President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR), an aid program for countries devastated by HIV/AIDS. Since its inception, PEPFAR has saved over a million lives and currently provides over 5 million people with life-saving treatments.
2008 – Present - Republicans have been generally ineffective in preventing President Obama and his Democratic administration from wrecking the country. Better luck (for the GOP) next time.
(Citations for the above are too numerous to list. I'll just say that my research was thorough, and if anyone disputes any of the above FACTS - dates, events - let me know and I'll consider amending the blog.)
So – what have Republicans done for this country, you ask? I can only suggest that my Democrat friends read ‘em and weep. And as is pointed out above, a lot of these achievements were accomplished in the face of fierce Democratic party opposition. Others were achieved with very little Democratic party support.
President Obama would be wise to read the above and learn from it as well. The above achievements were accomplished/spearheaded by LEADERS. They were not accomplished by executive fiat; they were not accomplished "with a pen and a phone"; and they were not accomplished just because a President said or wished it so.
And NONE of them involved the playing of the “race card” as it is commonly defined today.
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